I have learned much from insights found in the writing of many of
the world’s mystics. I offer others a sample of Hassidic sayings in
Rabbi Zusya once passed a meadow where a swineherd in the midst of his animals was playing a song on a willow-flute. Zusya came close and listened until he had learned it and could take it away with him. In this way a song of David, the shepherd-boy, was freed from its long exile.
Rabbi Barukh of Mezbizh once said: “What a good and bright world this is if we do not lose our hearts, but what a dark world, if we do!”
Rabbi Nakhman of Bratzlav said: “The whole world is one long narrow bridge, so it is essential not to be afraid.”
A Hassidic Sage who was near death got up and danced. When they tried to stop him he said, “This is exactly the time to dance.” He then told them a story and concluded, “When they come to you with a very difficult demand, that is exactly the time to dance.”
Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kotzk asked, “Where can you find God? The other sages say that God is everywhere. I say God is wherever a person lets God in.”
Rabbi Michal of Zlotchov once said to his children, “My life was always blessed in that I never needed anything until I had it.”
Rabbi Shelomo of Karlin taught, “What is the worst thing that Satan can accomplish? To make a person forget that he or she is a child of God.”
Rabbi Mordecai of Lekhovitz taught, “We must not worry. Only one worry is O.K. We can worry about being worried.”
Rabbi Moshe of Kobryn taught, “We paid no attention to the miracles our teacher worked, and when sometimes a miracle didn’t come to pass, he only gained in our eyes.”
Hanah: The Besht's Wife Rabbi Allen S. Maller
Why would a rich and learned man like Reb Ephraim of Brody, whose son Rabbi Avraham Gershon of Kitov, was head of a rabbinical court in Brody and a recognized authority in Talmud and Kabbalah, want his daughter Hanah to marry a synagogue janitor and ritual slaughter who was not a Talmudic scholar?
Because the first husband Ephraim had selected for his daughter Hanah, was a young man highly recommended by his own son Rabbi Avraham Gershon, who was very pious, and the best Talmud student of a very famous yeshivah.
It soon became evident that the illui was a failure as a husband; and Reb Ephraim paid him some money to divorce his daughter Hanah and leave town.
Now, Ephraim of Brody told his daughter, he was determined to find for her an open minded, kind, positive and flexible mentch; who enjoyed encouraging people to worship God through joy; and most important, who respected a woman.
Unfortunately, long time study in a yeshivah did not usually stress these 'mentch' qualities; and Ephraim was determined to avoid making another mistake like his first one.
One day Ephraim met a young man, newly arrived in Brody from a near by village, praying with great joy and enthusiasm.
Ephraim talked for a long time to the young man, Israel ben Eliezer, who he had encountered in the synagogue, and learned that Israel ben Eliezer was truly an open minded, kind, positive and flexible mentch; one who enjoyed helping and encouraging people, and who respected women.
This was the kind of man Reb Ephraim wanted for his daughter Hanah.
As a young man, Yisra’el ben Eliezer (born c.1700) apparently worked at a variety of jobs, including ritual slaughterer, elementary school teacher, and circumciser. He had learned rabbinic Hebrew and Aramaic and, though not a Talmudist, had become conversant with rabbinic literature.
He also set himself to learning both practical and contemplative Kabbalah from such mystical, ascetic types as Mosheh of Kitev. At the same time he started learning about herbal remedies, even from non-Jews.
His wife, Hanah, as I have already pointed out, was a divorcée (this fact is rarely mentioned in Hassidic accounts of the Besht's early activities) and sister of the prominent scholar Gershon of Kitev (almost always mentioned).
Rabbi Yisra’el and his wife Hanah had two children: a son, Tsevi Hirsh, who never became prominent, and a daughter, Odl (Hodl), whose descendants, including Barukh ben Yeḥi’el of Mezhbizh, Mosheh Hayim Efraim of Sudilkov, and the very well known Naḥman of Bratslav, all of whom played significant roles in the later Hasidic movement.
Sometime in the 1730s, Hanah urged her husband, Yisra’el ben Eliezer, to began calling himself a Ba'al Shem or a Ba'al Shem Tov; interchangeable terms meaning that he was a “master of God’s name,” which he could use for healing and other purposes.
Ba'al Shem Tov, in its abbreviated form, Besht, soon became the title, and even the name, used by most people who knew of him.
The Besht was at first best known for his skills as a healer; one Polish source even refers to him as a Ba'al Shem doctor.
Soon the Besht was known as a figure who could mediate between this world and the divine spheres in an effort to help people solve not only their health, but also their financial, and social problems.
The Besht always had a warm personality, a sense of humor, and a clever intellect.
The Besht's wife Hanah. constantly increased his self-confidence, and the conviction that he had a key role to play as a leader of the people of Israel, working for their redemption and that of the Shekhinah (the divine presence).
The Besht began to attract disciples in the 1740's. Many of these men were Rabbis or Yeshivah students
who were discontented with the cold, arid, ridged atmosphere of most Yeshivot.
The Besht's attraction to disgruntled Yeshivah Jews, and even to those already studying Kabbalah theory, was that he had instituted many innovations within traditional, mystical, ascetic Hasidism.
These reforms paved the way for its transformation, primarily following his death, from an elitist asceticism to a popular spiritualism, and even more important, from a collection of small religious fellowships to a mass movement that would revitalize Orthodox Jewish life.
Perhaps most important among these innovations was his insistence that the path to communion with God lay not in acts of asceticism or studying Talmud all day; but in the joy of emotional prayer.
If prayer was the key element of sacred activity, then intellectual study was not required. Learning and wisdom could better be achieved through listening to Midrash Aggadah and tales of miraculous events.
The spiritual importance of Hanah, to the Besht is evident in the words he said after his wife died, “I thought I could rise to heaven in a whirlwind like Elijah, but now that I am only half a body this is no longer possible.”
How did the Baal Shem Tov experience God’s presence through his marriage to Hanah?
The Jewish mystics taught that the Shekinah- 'the female presence of God' rests upon a husband when he makes love to his wife with a sense of reverence, tenderness, adoration and love.
The Shabbat adds holiness and chosenness to these feelings. The key attitude is a sense of wonder and gratefulness that your wife is God’s gift, the chosen source of your blessings, and the most wonderful manifestation of God’s presence, as the Bible says, “Who can find a capable wife? Her value is far above jewels. Her husband can trust her completely.” (Proverbs 31:10)
It is time the spiritual importance of Hanah for the Besht, and Hanah's daughter Hodl's spiritual importance for her children and grandchildren, is recognized by all Jews, and especially Hassidic Jews.